The decision to add a dog or cat to your family is an exciting one. After all, owning a pet is much more than a pastime or a way to spice up your life. It’s a privilege and responsibility. You are your pet's world, so ensuring that the conditions you bring them into are a good fit for their specific needs is the first step to being a good pet parent. That’s why today’s Spot Pet Insurance post is another breed guide, helping get you up to speed on the most popular dog and cat breeds so you can provide the kind of life they need. In this edition, our spotlight is on the Samoyed.

Lifetime Care

Breed Profile


Males: 21-23.5
Females: 19-21



Males: 45-65
Females: 35-50


Life Span





Hip Dysplasia

of dogs

What is it?

Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the hip joint and thigh bone don’t align properly. Instead of smooth operation, the two rub together painfully. If you notice your dog is walking or running strangely, especially if they seem to have trouble with their hind legs, consider having them checked for this condition.

Clinical signs:

  • Reduced physical activity

  • Avoids use of hind legs

  • Avoids jumping, running, or climbing

  • Difficulty laying down or standing up

  • Stiffness

  • Reduced coordination and range of motion

  • Unusual gait, including swaying, hopping, or limping

  • Reduced muscle mass in legs

  • Swelling or enlarged shoulders

  • Grating, clicking, or popping sounds from the hind joints


  • Restrict painful exercises

  • Physical therapy

  • Weight loss

  • Supplements

  • Joint fluid modifiers

  • Anti-inflammatory medication

  • Surgery: Double or triple pelvic osteotomy (DPO/TPO)

  • Surgery: Femoral head ostectomy (FHO)

  • Surgery: Total hip replacement (THR)

Other risks:

  • Delayed treatment risks long-term damage

  • Surgery carries risks depending on your dog’s age/condition (better for younger dogs)

Average vet bill for Hip Dysplasia


Reimbursement Rate

Amount a Spot accident & illness plan would cover*


Your Net payment


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*Hypothetical reimbursement examples illustrate reimbursement of an eligible vet bill at the noted reimbursement rate, assuming the annual deductible had already been met.



of dogs

What is it?

Glaucoma is an eye condition that can cause pain and vision loss to varying degrees due to increased pressure caused by fluid build-up.

Glaucoma can be one of two kinds: Primary (passed down genetically, sometimes called Hereditary) or Secondary (caused by injury or another eye disease). This disease can also be acute (rapid onset) or chronic (slower development).

Clinical signs:

  • Rubbing of the affected eye(s)

  • Aversion to contact around the affected eye(s)

  • Fluid from the eye

  • Lack of energy or appetite

  • Swelling of the eyeball

  • Redness or cloudiness in eyeball

  • Reduced visual awareness or blindness


  • Pain medications

  • Fluid draining medications

  • Long-term medical therapy

  • Surgery

Other risks:

  • Treating Glaucoma as quickly as possible is imperative

  • Severe cases or delayed treatment could result in permanent blindness or the need to remove the eye surgically

  • Monitor closely after treatment

Average vet bill for Glaucoma


Reimbursement Rate

Amount a Spot accident & illness plan would cover*


Your Net payment


Click For Price

*Hypothetical reimbursement examples illustrate reimbursement of an eligible vet bill at the noted reimbursement rate, assuming the annual deductible had already been met.


How well do Samoyeds get along with their owners?

Samoyeds form exceptionally strong bonds with their masters and immediate family.

This can be traced back to their origins. Bred and used by the Samoyedic people in Siberia, these dogs were close to their masters at all times as they were co-dependent on each other for survival. They would sleep wrapped up together for warmth.

That’s not to say you have to let your Samoyed sleep in your bed, but let it be an indicator of their affection needs. They need to be close to their family as often as possible, which means you need a lot of time to dedicate to them as an owner.

Are Samoyeds aggressive towards strangers?

Samoyeds have watchdog tendencies, which were ideal for herding and helping to protect the camp. These instincts can be set off by any stranger, ranging from a squirrel to a package delivery person.

When their watchdog instincts are triggered, Samoyeds tend to chase or bark. They aren’t aggressive, but they do love to explore, which can include chasing down a small animal or another person nearby to see what’s going on.

Despite these instincts, Samoyeds are extremely friendly once they see you accept a stranger into your home or interact in a way that deems them a non-threat. These fluffy pups warm up quickly once you lead the way.

How well will a Samoyed adapt to new situations?

Samoyeds are not the most adaptable breed. They need large, open areas and are averse to warm climates. Apartment living or urban situations will likely spell trouble for this breed.

In terms of your daily schedule, understand that this breed also needs lots of attention. Leaving your Sammy home alone for long periods is not advised, as it’s likely to lead to destructive behavior. Even letting them outside without supervision is ill-advised. Without mental stimulation, they will turn to digging, chewing, or chasing.

Do Samoyeds make good guard dogs?

Protecting camp and herding are jobs deeply instilled in this breed’s instincts, so they can make a great guard dog, but it largely depends on your individual pup.

Some Samoyeds vocalize their concern when they notice potential threats (real or imagined), but others don’t.

Will a Samoyed be a fun dog to have around?

This breed is a lot of work, but they’re an equal amount of fun for any owner up to the challenge. Samoyeds have high energy levels, intelligence, and a need for attention from their owners. This means they want to play and exercise with you!

When it’s time to relax, the Samoyed’s instincts often lead to snuggling. They aren’t quite as clingy as some “velcro” breeds, but you can expect lots of affection.

Are Samoyeds good with children?

In the same way that Samoyeds bond strongly with their masters, they do the same with children who are part of their pack.

Do Samoyeds do well with other dogs?

Most Samoyed treat dogs in their pack the same as their human family, and dogs who are strangers the same as human strangers. Expect affection and loyalty towards family and caution towards strangers (until you accept them).

Lifetime Care


Samoyeds have a double coat, which means they have an outer coat of fur (which tends to be harsher), and an undercoat (usually softer and smoother).

Potential colors for this breed’s thick coat:

Pure White




Silver Gray





Daily brushing, occasional bath, regular nail trims


Easy to train.

Life Time Care Cost:


Are Samoyeds hypoallergenic?

No, Samoyeds are not hypoallergenic.

How often do Samoyeds have to be groomed?

The Samoyed’s coat contributes the most to their high-maintenance care. Brush your Samoyed frequently and be prepared to clean hair out of your furniture constantly, especially during shedding season.

Samoyeds also do not drool, thanks to their trademark smile caused by upturned lips, which would prevent icicles around their mouths when they lived in Siberia.

What is the lifetime care cost of a Samoyed?

$28,620. Know more about how much does your Samoyed costs in 2024.

How to be the best pet parent for a Samoyed?

Caring for your pet is as much a privilege as it is a responsibility, so learning from guides like this is key to helping your dog thrive in its new life with you.

For more resources to aid in your pet parent journey, check out our Blog.

How much does a Samoyed shepherd dog or puppy cost?

Here’s an idea of the budget you’ll need for food, supplies, licensing, grooming, training, health, and more.

Adoption fee (puppy): $1,200-3,040

Yearly care cost (first year): $5,220

Yearly care cost (early age and adulthood): $1,950

Basic training and behavior etiquette for your Samoyed

Training your Samoyed requires dedication, patience, and consistency. Here are some tips to help things go smoothly.

  1. Samoyeds are eager to please, but they can also be exceptionally stubborn if they aren’t trained properly from a young age.

  2. Establishing yourself as the alpha of the house is necessary in order to have a well-behaved Samoyed as a family dog.

  3. Approach training with a firm but loving hand and use rewards in moderation.

  4. Obedience training may help prevent destructive behaviors when a Sammy inevitably gets bored. Keep a watchful eye for digging, chewing, and escape attempts, and lay the law firmly when those instances occur.

  5. Interactive toys are a great way to help stimulate their mind and avoid boredom. Other activities, especially when performed with you at their side, such as sports or actual jobs, are also recommended.

What types of foods should a Samoyed never eat?

Samoyeds have sensitive stomachs compared to other dogs. If you notice signs of digestive issues in response to dog food, talking to a trusted vet is the best way to create a plan going forward.

There are some foods that you should never let your Samoyed eat, as they can pose a serious risk. You can learn more about foods to avoid giving dogs in general here.

Exercise tips to keep your Samoyed staying fit and healthy

Samoyeds have very high energy levels and need frequent exercise and socialization. They can be quite playful, but letting them entertain themselves can be risky.

Long walks and play sessions every day are a must, and you should be personally involved in this time. The Samoyed wants its family to be around as much as possible.

While some dogs are happy running around the yard by themselves, a Samoyed will likely turn to destructive behaviors or look to escape and explore.

Samoyed life stages

Puppy: 12-18 months

Adult: 1 - 9 years

Senior: 9 years - end of life


If you’re an experienced pet owner ready for the challenge of training, grooming, and caring for this fluffy friend, you’ll have an incredibly loyal, loving companion as a reward.

Careful research and thoughtful planning go a long way when adding a Samoyed to your family.