French Bulldog

French Bulldog

Playful / Friendly / Adaptable

The playful and watchful French bulldog is a wonderful addition to any family. They’re friendly, fun, and adaptable. Their appearance is instantly recognizable thanks to their bat ears, snuffling and drooling, and prominent facial skin folds. They can be very sweet and loving, and get along with children or other dogs.

French Bulldog


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Lifetime Care

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Breed Profile


breed height icon
  • 11-13 inches


breed weight icon
  • 28 lbs


breed lifespan icon
  • 10-12 years

Health Risk

breed health icon

Patellar Luxation

What is it?

Patellar luxation is a condition where your dog’s knee cap (patella) slips out of place (luxates).

% Dogs affected:


Clinical signs:

Lameness, kicking the affected leg out to pop the kneecap back in, won’t put weight on the affected leg.

Amount a Spot accident & illness plan would cover*
*Hypothetical reimbursement examples illustrate reimbursement of an eligible vet bill at the noted reimbursement rate, assuming the annual deductible had already been met.


In severe cases, surgical procedures, like tightening the joint capsule, deepening the groove, or adding an implant.

Other risks:

Patellar luxation can cause arthritis, which will be more painful and need to be treated. Being overweight can also make the condition worse since it throws off your pup’s balance.

Average Vet Bill


Amount a Spot accident & illness plan would cover*

90% = $1620

80% = $1440

70% = $1260

*Hypothetical reimbursement examples illustrate reimbursement of an eligible vet bill at the noted reimbursement rate, assuming the annual deductible had already been met.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

What is it?

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a condition that affects the discs in the spine, which ends up impacting the nervous system of your pup.

% Dogs affected:


Clinical signs:

Some of the symptoms of IVDD are: back pain, loss of feeling in the legs, and inability to walk.


Initially, medication and rest. More severe cases might require surgery.

Other risks:

The condition can be made worse by activities like going up and down stairs or jumping onto furniture.

Average Vet Bill


Amount a Spot accident & illness plan would cover*

90% = $3600

80% = $3200

70% = $2800

*Hypothetical reimbursement examples illustrate reimbursement of an eligible vet bill at the noted reimbursement rate, assuming the annual deductible had already been met.

Hip Dysplasia

What is it?

Hip dysplasia is a condition that can affect many different breeds. It is usually seen in large dogs, but sometimes small breeds develop it too.

% Dogs affected:


Clinical signs:

Grating in the affected joint, pain, lameness in the hind end, limping/stiffness, swaying gait.


Anti-inflammatory medication, surgery, glucosamine, joint fluid modifiers, supplements.

Other risks:

Hip dysplasia usually begins to develop as your dog grows, and if your dog is overweight, it can make the condition worse. Depending on the severity of the hip dysplasia, your dog can lose function in the hip as well.

Average Vet Bill


Amount a Spot accident & illness plan would cover*

90%= $5400

80%= $4,800

70%= $4,200

*Hypothetical reimbursement examples illustrate reimbursement of an eligible vet bill at the noted reimbursement rate, assuming the annual deductible had already been met.


breed personality icon


French bulldogs love to play. They’ll play with you or any children that you might have as much as possible, although you should make sure they don’t overexert themselves.


The French bulldog may not bark a lot, but they are very watchful dogs. If something is going on, they’ll know about it, and they’ll let you know if any strangers approach your home.


French bulldogs love anybody and become companion dogs to nearly everybody they meet, although they might be a little slower to warm up to new dogs than new people.


Although the French bulldog shouldn’t be in the heat for long periods of time, they feel at home almost everywhere they go. They don’t mind a lack of routine.


The French bulldog is easy-going, even if they can be stubborn at times. They’re often couch potatoes by nature, not requiring a lot of exercise other than a quick daily walk.

Lifetime Care

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A purebred French bulldog has a short, smooth coat, making them look very sleek, and they shed an average amount.  


Fawn, fawn and white, white, brindle and white, brindle, cream


French bulldogs are not hypoallergenic.


Weekly brushing, regular nail clipping and teeth brushing, their facial folds should be cleaned and dried

Lifetime Care Cost


French bulldog: Dog breed information guide 2022

Most people have heard of the wonderful French bulldog, but how much do you actually know about the breed? These cute and friendly dogs are known for their bat-like ears and short noses.

These dogs are highly adaptable to any family situation, but it’s important for anyone who adopts them to understand this breed’s specific welfare needs and potential health issues. Are you thinking about adopting a Frenchie? We’re here to help.

At Spot Pet Insurance, our hope is to prepare every pet parent, new or old, to bring a new pup home.

We understand how important it is that you understand your pet’s needs, so you and your dog can enjoy a long and happy life together. That’s why we’re working to provide you with educational materials about breeds that you want to bring home.

Frenchies can make a wonderful addition to any home, but it’s important to ensure that they’re the right fit for you. If you’re looking for a laid-back, friendly, and affectionate pup, a French bulldog might be a perfect fit. Continue reading to find out more about this excellent breed.

French bulldog: An introduction to the breed

The French bulldog breed belongs to the category of small dog breeds like the pug. Since they are descended from toy versions of the bulldog, most other bulldog breeds are a little bit bigger, whether heavier or taller.

French bulldogs have very short, very smooth coats. They can come in many different colors, and they can have different markings too, like white and black markings, piebald, or black masks. Even with the shorter fur, though, they somehow manage to shed quite a bit.

The most distinctive trait of the French bulldog is their adorable bat-like ears. They also have Brachycephaly, which is characterized by short noses and upper jaws. They are small and muscular.

They can be very sweet and loving. They work well in any household, whether you have children or other dogs. Their friendliness allows them to get along with pretty much everyone. These dogs can be stubborn, but they are generally fairly sweet.

How much exercise does a Frenchie need?

French bulldogs don’t need very much exercise, since they aren’t very energetic dogs, which is a little surprising for a small dog. They do love to play, so if you can spend time each day playing with them, whether tug-o-war or maybe a little fetch, they would love it very much.

If you have kids, they could also play with your pup. It’s important to watch them, though, because roughhousing can potentially injure such a small dog.

When you take your Frenchie for a walk, they should be slow-paced and on the shorter side so that your dog doesn’t get too overwhelmed. If it’s hot outside, it would be better to do indoor activities with your pup to avoid the risk of heatstroke.

The history of the French bulldog

Frenchies are descendants of English bulldogs. Bulldogs were popular in England for their dogfighting abilities, and there they were mixed with terrier breeds, producing dogs like pit bulls.

At the time, there were also toy bulldogs, which, along with the regular bulldog, were popular dogs to own. In the 1850s, English lacemakers had to move to France for work, and they brought their bulldogs with them.

The small bulldogs became very popular among French women, especially because of their pointed, bat-like ears, which weren’t very popular among the English.

Once they made their way back to England, both sides were fearful. The English were scared that the French bulldogs, as they were now known, would be bred with their English bulldogs, resulting in the undesirable bat-eared trait.

French breeders worried that the French bulldogs would be bred with English bulldogs and lose their distinctiveness. As a result, the French breeders ended up forming their own group to protect the integrity of the French breed.

A few years later, the English recognized the breed as the French bulldog. By this time, they made their way to the United States, where they became popular among women who were a part of high society.

The American Kennel Club recognized the breed officially in 1898 after the Rockerfellers and Morgans petitioned them. Although their popularity has come and gone as time passes, the French bulldog is currently a very popular breed.

What else do you need to know about French bulldogs?

The French bulldog may be a small dog, but there is a lot to consider before adopting one. They may not need a lot of time spent on them, but you need to watch out for certain things to make sure they are safe and happy.

It’s important to make sure your house is at a good median temperature for your pup. Heat can make their breathing problems worse, but they don’t have enough fur to stay warm in extreme cold.

Are Frenchies loud?

The French bulldog can be pretty quiet, especially when they’re compared to other small breeds, but they will bark to alert you of anyone coming to your door. They’ll make friends with any stranger, and they aren’t very hostile.

Can French bulldogs swim?

French bulldogs cannot swim. If you have a pool, you should make sure your Frenchie keeps away from it. Other dogs have a lot of weight in their hind end, but since French bulldogs have more weight in their front, they won’t be able to swim as it will be more difficult for them to keep their heads above water.

What are the health risks for French bulldogs?

It’s an unfortunate fact of life that dogs and humans can develop health issues. It’s important to learn about the potential problems that your dog is genetically predisposed to. The Frenchie does have some genetic problems, but it’s not likely that your pup will have all of them.

Some of the potential conditions that your French bulldog could have is Intervertebral Disc Disease, Brachycephalic Syndrome, hip dysplasia, and patellar luxation. Although Brachycephalic Syndrome is very common in Frenchies due to their flat faces, the other issues are rarer.