With floppy ears and a friendly smile, cocker spaniels are eager to make friends with whoever they meet. The breed is playful but rarely mischievous or overly energetic. In many ways, the cocker spaniel is viewed as an ideal breed, and they often win best in show at dog shows.
What is it?
Cataracts are a common condition in the cocker spaniel breed. They are typically passed down genetically but can also be caused by injury or another disease. Sometimes cataracts even occur without obvious cause.
A cataract is a damaged lens in the eye that inhibits vision. Typically the lens becomes cloudy or opaque, but these signs are not always easy to spot until the condition reaches a late stage.
% Dogs affected:
7.3% of cocker spaniels
Clouding eyes, opaqueness of eyes, difficulty seeing (including slow or careful movements, difficulty navigating new places, hesitation)
Surgery or anti-inflammation eye drops
If surgery is not safe or possible for your dog, eye drops can reduce symptoms (although they can not restore vision)
90% = $3330
80% = $2960
70% = $2590
What is it?
A luxating patella is a malaligned (or dislocated) kneecap. This leaves your dog’s joint vulnerable and can cause significant pain and increased risk of further injury (specifically torn cruciate ligaments).
The least severe cases (known as Grade I) of patellar luxation might not require surgery, but more severe cases (Grade II-IV) typically do.
% Dogs affected:
Limping, swaying, hopping, skipping, avoidance of affected limb, shaking or stretching the affected limb, lameness, avoidance of intense activity
Arthritis can complicate the condition. Prompt treatment helps prevent escalation.
90% = $4500
80% = $4000
70% = $3500
The English cocker spaniel and the American cocker spaniel both get along easily with almost everyone they meet – and they love to meet people. A warm smile and floppy ears greet anyone who will show them attention.
As small and intelligent dogs, cocker spaniels approach things gently and with a sweet nature. As such, these dogs are excellent with children or for senior owners.
Cocker spaniels love to play from a young age into seniority. They maintain a good balance between high energy levels and a controlled temperament.
Despite high energy levels, a cocker spaniel is still very predisposed to training thanks to high intelligence and a desire to please. Unlike some breeds, they can respond well to corrections, provided it is not especially harsh because they want to please you.
A love for people seems to drive everything these dogs do. They want to be close to family and meet new friends every chance they get – and on the same token, they hate to be left alone for long.
Cocker spaniels have a long, silky coat. The outer layer is coarser than the inner layer but still soft by most standards.
Colors range widely, and a few roan-colored markings are also accepted. Some frequent color variations include solid colors like solid black or brown and particolor varieties.
No, cocker spaniels are not hypoallergenic.
Regular grooming is necessary for this breed, including brushing and haircuts, due to their luxurious but high-maintenance coats and long, floppy ears. Regular bathing, hair trimming, and ear cleaning are also important.
Cocker spaniels do well in training thanks to their high intelligence and eagerness to please.
Apartment living is a good fit for this breed, but so is home living with a yard. Despite being a sporting breed, they prefer to be home with their owners in general.
Lifetime Care Cost:
Cocker spaniels are a classic breed with plenty of history and a strong reputation to go along with it.
However, there are still plenty of considerations a potential pet parent is responsible for before bringing a cocker spaniel into their home.
Today, our Spot Pet Insurance breed guide is all about what it takes to give high-quality care to a cocker spaniel.
Cocker spaniels are a sporting breed, though the smallest of the bunch, with a well-balanced temperament and beautiful appearance.
The cocker spaniel became famous thanks to the Disney classic Lady and the Tramp, but this sporting dog was a favorite among pet owners and reputable breeders long before that film.
If you’re considering adding a cocker spaniel to your family, read on to learn what you need to know.
The cocker spaniel’s history dates back a few centuries but is unclear before the 1800s. This is because the name “spaniel” was often used to refer to a wider range of hunting dogs which are now distinguished as separate breeds.
The cocker spaniels we know today, whether American or English, didn’t become distinct until the 19th and 20th centuries. Most agree they originated in Spain (hence “spaniel”), eventually coming to Britain in the 19th century.
The name “cocker” is derived from the breed’s job of hunting woodcock, a specific type of game bird. Today, purebred cocker spaniels are rarely hunting dogs, preferring domestic life close to dog owners.
Other dogs in the spaniel group include the Sussex spaniel, the water spaniel, and the English springer spaniel.
Cocker spaniels generally have a long lifespan, a common boon for small breeds. Still, they are predisposed to certain health conditions that could pass down genetically or develop from later circumstances.
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is particularly common, resulting in inhibited vision or loss of vision outright. Cataracts, glaucoma, and patellar luxation are also quite common, as are various other joint issues, eye diseases, and infections.
Whether you buy from a breeder or adopt from a shelter, you can request genetic test results to show that your cocker spaniel was bred responsibly without any known hereditary diseases.
Other health conditions include:
Yes, this breed is very affectionate with family! They develop strong bonds with their people and enjoy being around them as much as possible. Your cocker spaniel will want to please you, so it’s important you return their affection.
Cocker spaniels do have energy and a certain level of independence, so they may not be content laying around all the time.
Cocker spaniels are highly intelligent. They can pick up new ideas in training quickly, especially with the right bond between dog and trainer.
Thankfully, cocker spaniels are not a breed that uses their intelligence for mischief, such as escaping or seeking attention. They may, however, turn to destructive behaviors if left alone for too long.
Cocker spaniels are excellent family pets, thanks to their gentle demeanor. Always supervise any interactions between a dog and child for the safety of both parties involved.
Strangers are welcomed around cocker spaniels, although socialization is still key to ensure new encounters go as smoothly as possible.
Dogs and even cats can be friends with a well-socialized cocker spaniel. You should always make careful introductions, nonetheless. Due to a high prey drive, smaller animals in the home (especially birds) are not a great fit.
Giving a cocker spaniel a high quality of life requires plenty of research and understanding. We’re happy to provide plenty of pet parenting tips and guides in our Spot Pet Insurance Blog. Check it out to learn more!
Adoption fee: $500-1,500
First year: $2,530
Following years: $1,330
The most important thing to remember when training a cocker spaniel is that they are eager to please. While the breed can be sensitive to harsh punishment, a little bit of correction in the form of disapproving tone or light punishment can be good motivation for them.
Let their intelligence and bond with you do the work, and you’ll have a well-behaved dog in no time!
Owners should be careful to avoid certain foods that are toxic to dogs. Here are some common examples:
In general, it’s best to feed your spaniel dog food rather than feeding them human food.
Cocker spaniels have high energy levels but can maintain a balanced temperament throughout the day. Exercise is key to their health and well-being, but not necessarily in the same way that it would be for, say, an Australian shepherd.
Fetch is a favorite form of play for this breed, but walking together or even participating in sports can be other great ways to exercise your dog as well.
Cocker spaniel Puppy: 0 – 2 years
Adult: 2 years – 11 years
Senior: 11 years – end of life